One God~Many Gods1


  • By Admin /Sri Updeshamrit /2 years ago /211

1You all must have heard the popular Hindi Song "Duniya Banane Wale, Kya Tere Man Mein Samayi ? Tune Kahe Ko Duniya Banayi ?. I dont know as to whether the lyricist knows the answer to this or not, but Krishna in Srimad Bhagvad Gita very nicely answers to this question.

Purpose of Creation of this material world – Opportunity to Go Back – Back to Godhead.

We must first understand that what is the purpose of creation of this material world  Srila Prabhupada in BG Purport 3.10 mentions that the lord created this material world to enable the conditioned souls to learn how to perform sacrifices for the satisfaction of Vishnu, so that while in living material world people can live very comfortably and after finishing present material body they can enter into kingdom of god

Position of Demigods

Srila Prabhupada mentions in BG 3.11 (purport) that demigods are empowered administrator of material affairs. They are like innumerable assistants in the different parts of the body of Supreme Personality of Godhead (SPOG) Shri Krishna.  Further in BG 3.14 Srila Prabhupada mentions that The Supreme Lord is known as Yagya Purusha or the personal beneficiary of all sacrifices, is the master of all demigods, who serve him as the different limbs of the body serve the whole.

Refuting a point that if the demigods are different parts of the body of the body of the Supreme Lord, then the same end should be achieved by worshipping them, Srila Prabhupada in purport to  BG 7.23 mentions that worshipper of demigods are less intelligent, because they do not know to what part the food must be supplied to. Further in purport to BG 7.21 Srila Prabhupada mentions that “The demigods are actually parts of the universal body of the Supreme Lord, therefore they have no independence”  

Further in BG purport 7.23 Srila Prabhupada mentions that not only demigods are parts of Supreme Lord, but ordinary living entity also. In Srimad Bhagavatam it is mentioned that Brahmana, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas & Sudras are head, arms, waist and legs of the SPOG respectfully. Srila Prabhupada further mentions “Regardless of situation, if one knows that both the demigods and he himself are part and parcel of Supreme Lord, his knowledge is perfect.”

Results of demigod worship are limited and temporary

Lord Shri Krishna in BG 7.20 mentions that those whose intelligence is stolen by the material desires they surrender unto demigods and follow particular rules and regulation of worship according to their own natures.  Further in BG 7.23 Lord Krishna calls such person as men of small intelligence because result derived from such demigod worship are limited and temporary. Srila Prabhupada in purport to BG 7.23 mentions that the results achieved by the demigods benediction are perishable because within this material world everything be it planets, the demigod or their worshipper everything is perishable. Further Srila Prabhupada in BG Purport 9.21 mentions that one who fails to understand Krishna as cause of all causes, becomes baffled about achieving the ultimate goal of life and is thus subject to the routine of being promoted to higher planets and then coming down as situated on a ferris wheel.                 

Faith to Worship of Demigod and Result received there from both are sanctioned by Krishna Only

Srila Prabhupada in BG 7.21 mentions that both the living entity and the demigods are subordinate to the will of Supreme Personality of God head, therefore the living entity can not worship the demigod by his own desire nor can the demigod award any benediction without the sanction of Supreme Lord. Further SP in BG 7.22 mentions that the living entity may forget that everything is property of the Supreme Lord, but demigod do not forgot this. So the worship of the demigod and sanction of result are not due to demigods but due to arrangement of SPOG only.

Worshipper of Demigods also Worship Krishna – But in incorrect Way.

Srila Prabhupada in BG Purport 9.23 explains that as a citizen is required to follow law made by the government and not by its different officer and directors, similarly everyone is required to  offer his worship to Lord Krishna only and that will automatically satisfy all director and officers. The officer and directors are engaged as representative of the government and to offer them bribe is illegal and accordingly Lord Krishna called such kind of worship as “Avidhi Purvakam” and did not approved the same.

Higher Purpose Behind Various Sacrifice Prescribed in Vedas

Lord Krishna says in BG 3.11 that “demigods being pleased by sacrifice, will also please you and thus by cooperation between men and demigods, prosperity will reign for all. Further Srila Prabhupada in purport to BG 3.11 mentions that some of sacrifices are meant to satisfy particular demigod, but even in so doing, Lord Vishnu is worshipped in all the sacrifice as chief beneficiary.  Further Srila Prabhupada in BG Purport 3.12 mentions that the demigods are authorized supplying agents on behalf of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. According to different material quality of person concerned, different types of sacrifice are recommended in Vedas and worship of demigods is also on the same basis. For example a meat eater is recommended to worship goddess of Kali, whereas those who are in mode of goodness worship of Vishnu is recommended.

Srila Prabhupada in purport to BG 9.20 mentions that “Unfortunately there are many great scholars of the Vedas who do not know the ultimate purport of studying them”…….”Unfortunately those who are simply officially student  of Vedas become more interested in offering sacrifice to Indra and Chandra. By such endeavor, the worshipper of such demigods are certainly purified of the contamination of lower quality of nature and thereby elevated to higher planetary systems or heavenly planets known as Maharloka, Janaloka, Tapoloka etc..

Further Srila Prabhupada in purport to BG 3.16 mentions that prosperity of the world does not depend on our own efforts but on the background arrangement of the supreme lord directly carried out by the demigods. So even though any sacrifice which is directly aimed at some particular demigod, but indirectly it is purification process because its end result is development of Krisha Consciouness. So if by performing such sacrifice one does not become Krishna Conscious then performance of such activity is just like a moral code.

Result of Ananaya Bhakti to Krishna – Yogakshemam Vahamhyam

In BG 9.22 Srila Prabhupada explains the result of Ananya Bhakti. Srila Prabhupada mentions that one who is always engaged in devotional service by hearing, chanting, remembering, offering prayers, worshipping, serving the lotus feet of Lord and so on undoubtedly approaches the Lord without any difficulty. By the mercy of the Lord such devotee, never comes back to material condition of life and remain always under the merciful protection of the Lord.